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LINGUIST 2L03 Phonetics

Academic Year: Fall 2015

Term: Fall

Day/Evening: D

Instructor: Dr. John Colarusso

Email: colaruss@mcmaster.ca

Office: Chester New Hall 532

Phone: 905-525-9140 x 23902

Website:

Office Hours: MW 9:30 - 10:30



Course Objectives:

•  To provide the student with an ability to recognize, record, and understand the various speech sounds of language. 

•  To provide the student with a thorough understanding of the acoustics of speech

•  To provide the student with a thorough understanding of the anatomy of the vocal tract.

 


Textbooks, Materials & Fees:

Reetz, Henning and Allard Jongman,(2009), Phonetics, Wiley-Blackwell. (R&J)

Colarusso, John (2006)  Phonetics Course-pack.

 

Optional Reference

Katz, William F.,(2013), Phonetics for Dummies, Wiley-Blackwell.


Method of Assessment:

Grading:  assignments (six)                       30%, (due at two week intervals)

                   Two examinations                   20% each (October 9, November 13)

                  cumulative final examination  30%

(both examinations will be multiple choice to the extent feasible)

Late assignments will have 10% deducted from their grade.


Please Note the Following Policies and Statements:

Academic Dishonesty

You are expected to exhibit honesty and use ethical behaviour in all aspects of the learning process. Academic credentials you earn are rooted in principles of honesty and academic integrity.

Academic dishonesty is to knowingly act or fail to act in a way that results or could result in unearned academic credit or advantage. This behaviour can result in serious consequences, e.g. the grade of zero on an assignment, loss of credit with a notation on the transcript (notation reads: "Grade of F assigned for academic dishonesty"), and/or suspension or expulsion from the university.

It is your responsibility to understand what constitutes academic dishonesty. For information on the various types of academic dishonesty please refer to the Academic Integrity Policy, located at www.mcmaster.ca/academicintegrity

The following illustrates only three forms of academic dishonesty:

  1. Plagiarism, e.g. the submission of work that is not one’s own or for which other credit has been obtained.
  2. Improper collaboration in group work.
  3. Copying or using unauthorized aids in tests and examinations.

Email correspondence policy

It is the policy of the Faculty of Humanities that all email communication sent from students to instructors (including TAs), and from students to staff, must originate from each student’s own McMaster University email account. This policy protects confidentiality and confirms the identity of the student.  Instructors will delete emails that do not originate from a McMaster email account.

Modification of course outlines

The University reserves the right to change dates and/or deadlines etc. for any or all courses in the case of an emergency situation or labour disruption or civil unrest/disobedience, etc. If a modification becomes necessary, reasonable notice and communication with the students will be given with an explanation and the opportunity to comment on changes. Any significant changes should be made in consultation with the Department Chair.

McMaster Student Absence Form (MSAF)

In the event of an absence for medical or other reasons, students should review and follow the Academic Regulation in the Undergraduate Calendar Requests for Relief for Missed Academic Term Work. Please note these regulations have changed beginning Fall 2015. You can find information at mcmaster.ca/msaf/. If you have any questions about the MSAF, please contact your Associate Dean's office.

Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities

Students who require academic accommodation must contact Student Accessibility Services (SAS) to make arrangements with a Program Coordinator. Academic accommodations must be arranged for each term of study. Student Accessibility Services can be contacted by phone 905-525-9140 ext. 28652 or e-mail sas@mcmaster.ca. For further information, consult McMaster University's Policy for Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities.

Academic Accommodation for Religious, Indigenous and Spiritual Observances

Students requiring academic accommodation based on religion and spiritual observances should follow the procedures set out in the Course Calendar or by their respective Faculty. In most cases, the student should contact his or her professor or academic advisor as soon as possible to arrange accommodations for classes, assignments, tests and examinations that might be affected by a religious holiday or spiritual observance.


Topics and Readings:

Each topic heading will take ideally one week

Examples will be drawn from English (North American forms) and other languages.

1.      Introduction: 

               languages

               dialects

               writing systems

               transliteration

               transcription

         [Readings from Course-pack by Colarusso]

 

2.      Articulatory phonetics (R&J, ch. 2; Colarusso): 

               the larynx

               terminology

               consonants

               vowels

 

3.      Phonetic transcription (R&J, ch.3; Colarusso): 

               consonants

               vowels

               diacritics and other symbols

               transcription practice

 

4.      Place and manner of articulation (R&J, ch. 4)

               consonants

               additional manners of articulation

               vowels

               secondary articulations (co-articulations)

 

5.      Physiology of the vocal apparatus (R&J, ch. 5)

               subglottal system

               larynx

               vocal tract

 

First test (ideally on Oct. 9th, in class hour 10:30 – 11:20)

 

6.      Airstream mechanisms and phonation types (R&J, ch. 6; Colarusso)

               glottalic

               velaric (clicks)

               voicing

               voicelessness

               aspiration

               common and rare sounds (markedness)

 

7.      Basic acoustics (R&J, ch. 7; Colarusso)

               sound waves

               frequency

               wavelength

               amplitude

               phase (sine ~ cosine)

 

8.      Analysis methods for speech sounds (R&J, ch. 8; Colarusso)

               digitizing and sampling

               types of signal

               Fourier transforms

               spectrograms and other representations

 

9.      Source filter theory of speech production (R&J, cg. 9; Colarusso)

               resonance

               damping

               filters

               source and filter of the vocal organs

               formants

 

Second test (ideally on Nov. 13th, in class hour 10:30 – 14:20)

 

10.    Acoustics of speech sounds (R&J, ch. 10; Colarusso)

               vowels

               consonants (approximants, fricatives, stops, nasals, laterals, affricates)

               variability and invariance

 

11.    Hearing (R&J, ch. 12)

               external ear

               middle ear

               inner ear

               basilar membrane

               measurement scales

 

12.  Speech perception (R&J, ch. 13; Colarusso)

               vowels

               consonants

               the motor theory of perception

 

13.    Summary and overview


Other Course Information:

 

The instructor and university reserve the right to modify elements of the

course during the term. The university may change the dates and deadlines

for any or all courses in extreme circumstances. If either type of modification

becomes necessary, reasonable notice and communication with the students

will be given with explanation and the opportunity to comment on changes. It

is the responsibility of the student to check his/her McMaster email and

course websites weekly during the term and to note any changes.

 

Academic Dishonesty

 

Academic dishonesty consists of misrepresentation by deception or by other fraudulent means and can result in serious consequences, e.g., the grade of zero on an assignment, loss of credit with a notation on the transcript (notation reads: “Grade of F assigned for academic dishonesty”), and/or suspension or expulsion from the university.

 

It is your responsibility to understand what constitutes academic dishonesty. For information on the various kinds of academic dishonesty please refer to the Academic Integrity Policy, Appendix 3, http://www.mcmaster.ca/policy/Students-AcademicStudies/AcademicIntegrity.pdf

 

The following illustrates only three forms of academic dishonesty:

 

 

1.         Plagiarism, e.g., the submission of work that is not one’s own for which other credit has been obtained. (Insert specific course information, e.g., style guide)

 

2.         Improper collaboration in group work. (Insert specific course information)

 

3.         Copying or using unauthorized aids in tests and examinations.

 

(If applicable) In this course we will be using a software package designed to reveal plagiarism. Students will be required to submit their work electronically and in hard copy so that it can be checked for academic dishonesty.

 

 

FACULTY OF HUMANITIES

E-MAIL COMMUNICATION POLICY

Effective September 1, 2010, it is the policy of the Faculty of Social Sciences that all e-mail communication sent from students to instructors (including TAs), and from students to staff, must originate from the student’s own McMaster University e-mail account.  This policy protects confidentiality and confirms the identity of the student.  It is the student’s responsibility to ensure that communication is sent to the university from a McMaster account.  If an instructor becomes aware that a communication has come from an alternate address, the instructor may not reply at his or her discretion.

Email Forwarding in MUGSI:

http://www.mcmaster.ca/uts/support/email/emailforward.html

*Forwarding will take effect 24-hours after students complete the process at the above link

(Approved at the Faculty of Social Sciences meeting on Tues. May 25, 2010)

 

SUGGESTED PROTOCOLS, ETC.

 

Course guidelines

 

  1. Handing in assignments: I do not accept assignments by e-mail.  Written assignments must be handed in HARD COPY at the BEGINNING  OF CLASS,  on the assigned due date. 

 

  1. Late policy: Late assignments will only be accepted in extenuating circumstances.

 

  1. Email: Please ask detailed questions about course material and assignments in person.  I only use e-mail to answer administrative/organizational questions that can be answered in one sentence.

 

Effective September 1, 2010, it is the policy of the Faculty of Social Sciences that all e-mail communication sent from students to instructors (including TAs), and from students to staff, must originate from the student’s own McMaster University e-mail account.This policy protects confidentiality and confirms the identity of the student.It is the student’s responsibility to ensure that communication is sent to the university from a McMaster account.If an instructor becomes aware that a communication has come from an alternate address, the instructor may not reply at his or her discretion. Email Forwarding in MUGSI: http://www.mcmaster.ca/uts/support/email/ emailforward.html *Forwarding will take effect 24-hours after students complete the process at the above linkemails that do not originate from a McMaster email account.

 

  1. Laptop Policy:

 

Seminar: During the seminar portion of the course there is no reason to use a laptop or any electronic device since discussion is the primary form of instruction. Exceptions will be made in unique circumstances - please come and see me if this is an issue for you.

 

Lecture: In class lectures, laptops may only be used for taking notes.  Students using laptops for other purposes will be asked to turn their laptops off for the remainder of the course.  Students using laptops are asked to sit in the first three rows of the class. 

 

  1. Academic Ethics
  2.   Academic dishonesty consists of misrepresentation by deception or by other fraudulent means and can result in serious consequences, e.g. the grade of zero on an assignment, loss of credit with a notation on the transcript (notation reads: "Grade of F assigned for academic dishonesty"), and/or suspension or expulsion from the university.

 

It is your responsibility to understand what constitutes academic dishonesty.For information on the various kinds of academic dishonesty please refer to the Academic Integrity Policy, specifically Appendix 3, located on the website above.

 

The following illustrates only three forms of academic dishonesty:

 

  • Plagiarism, e.g. the submission of work that is not one's own or for which other credit has been obtained.
  • Improper collaboration in group work.
  • Copying or using unauthorized aids in tests and examinations.

 

 

Course Modifications

The instructor and university reserve the right to modify elements of the course during the term.  The university may change the dates and deadlines for any or all courses in extreme circumstances.  If either type of modification becomes necessary, reasonable notice and communication with the students will be given with explanation and the opportunity to comment on changes.  It is the responsibility of the student to check their McMaster email and course websites weekly during the term and to note any changes.

 

Student Accessibility Services: http://sas.mcmaster.ca MUSC-B107 905-525-9140

x28652

NOTE: Disclosure of disability-related information is personal and confidential.

Student Accessibility Services offers various supports for students with disabilities. We work with full time and part time students. SAS provides or assists students with their academic and disability-related needs, including: Learning Strategies, Assistive Technologies, Test & Exam Administration, Note-Taking Programs, Classroom Accommodations. Please inform the instructor if there are disability needs that are

not being met.

 

McMaster University Policy on Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities & McMaster University Anti-Discrimination Policy

• http://www.mcmaster.ca/policy/Students-AcademicStudies/AcademicAccommodation-

StudentsWithDisabilities.pdf

 

Student Success Centre: http://studentssuccess.mcmaster.ca GH-110 905-525-9140 x24254

Provides the following services: student orientation, academic skills, leadership, service-learning, volunteerism, educational planning, employment and career transition.

 

Student Wellness Centre http://wellness.mcmaster.ca/ MUSC-B101& B106 905-525-9140

x27700

Provides services in: Personal and Psychological Counselling, Mental Health Support, Medical and Health Services.