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LINGUIST 2L03 Phonetics (C01)

Academic Year: Fall 2019

Term: Fall

Day/Evening: D

Instructor: Prof. Daniel Pape


Office: Togo Salmon Hall 511

Phone: 905-525-9140 x 23761

Office Hours: Wednesday 3-4 pm

Course Objectives:

This course is a foundational course whose aim is to ensure that students are familiar with the basic approaches and issues in phonetics (the study of the sounds of language and human articulatory capabilities).

By the end of the course, students will be able to:

  • identify and explain the anatomy of the speech production apparatus (lungs, larynx (glottis), vocal tract) and the human auditory/hearing system;
  • accurately analyse the speech sounds and structure of English and selected other languages including their IPA transcriptions;
  • transcribe given texts or recordings with the appropriate IPA transcription taking into account the diversity and dynamic nature of human language
  • apply theoretical phonetic knowledge to analyze the properties of speech sounds and sound waves by means of acoustic measurements and other applied phonetic tools


The structure of the course will be two 50 minutes lectures, plus an additional practical section with phonetic applications, demos or repetition of exam-relevant material each week.

Objectives will be met by lectures (instructor) and five assignments consisting of phonetic questions and practical exercises.

Textbooks, Materials & Fees:

The textbook used in this course is “Phonetics: Transcription, Production, Acoustics, and Perception” from the authors Henning Reetz & Allard Jongman, Wiley-Blackwell publishing (R&J).

Method of Assessment:

The final grade is a weighted average of these grades:


  • One final examination (including material from the entire course) is weighted 30% of the final grade. The exam is scheduled by the Registrar during the Final Exam Period.
  • One midterm examination (exam material: week 1 to week 5 of the syllabus) is weighted 20% of the final grade. The date of the midterm examination is October 17 (45 minutes duration).
  • Five written assignments  are weighted 50% of the final grade (each assignment counts 10%). The assignments are due at the BEGINNING of the class at 12.30 pm as HARCOPY (paper). The start of the teaching at 12.30 pm is the deadline of the penalized assignment value (-15%).


Individual percentages of each task completion (5 assignments, 1 midterm, 1 final) are carried into the weighting procedure. The final grade is then the weighted equivalent percentages of each task completion.




Equivalent Percentages



90 – 100



85 – 89



80 – 84



77 – 79



73 – 76



70 – 72



67 – 69



63 – 66



60 – 62



57 – 59



53 – 56



50 – 52





For participation in experiments (SONA – Linguistics Research Participation System) a bonus of 2% for two hours of participation is awarded (or 1% for one hour participation). A make-up lecture is available at the end of term if you cannot/choose not to participate. A PDF document on how to participate is found on Avenue2Learn course content section.

Policy on Missed Work, Extensions, and Late Penalties:

Late assignments: Assignments submitted within 72 hours of the due date are penalized 15% of the value of the assignment. Being late more than 72 hours on an assignment results in a grade of zero for that assignment. If you submit an MSAF or other approved document (via the office of the Dean of your Faculty), contact Dr. Pape to arrange an alternate due date.

Excused Midterm examination: Tests for which the instructor receives an MSAF or other approved document have their value added to the value of the final exam if not arranged otherwise with Dr. Pape.

Please Note the Following Policies and Statements:

Academic Dishonesty

You are expected to exhibit honesty and use ethical behaviour in all aspects of the learning process. Academic credentials you earn are rooted in principles of honesty and academic integrity.

Academic dishonesty is to knowingly act or fail to act in a way that results or could result in unearned academic credit or advantage. This behaviour can result in serious consequences, e.g. the grade of zero on an assignment, loss of credit with a notation on the transcript (notation reads: "Grade of F assigned for academic dishonesty"), and/or suspension or expulsion from the university.

It is your responsibility to understand what constitutes academic dishonesty. For information on the various types of academic dishonesty please refer to the Academic Integrity Policy, located at

The following illustrates only three forms of academic dishonesty:

  1. Plagiarism, e.g. the submission of work that is not one’s own or for which other credit has been obtained.
  2. Improper collaboration in group work.
  3. Copying or using unauthorized aids in tests and examinations.

Email correspondence policy

It is the policy of the Faculty of Humanities that all email communication sent from students to instructors (including TAs), and from students to staff, must originate from each student’s own McMaster University email account. This policy protects confidentiality and confirms the identity of the student.  Instructors will delete emails that do not originate from a McMaster email account.

Modification of course outlines

The University reserves the right to change dates and/or deadlines etc. for any or all courses in the case of an emergency situation or labour disruption or civil unrest/disobedience, etc. If a modification becomes necessary, reasonable notice and communication with the students will be given with an explanation and the opportunity to comment on changes. Any significant changes should be made in consultation with the Department Chair.

McMaster Student Absence Form (MSAF)

In the event of an absence for medical or other reasons, students should review and follow the Academic Regulation in the Undergraduate Calendar Requests for Relief for Missed Academic Term Work. Please note these regulations have changed beginning Fall 2015. You can find information at If you have any questions about the MSAF, please contact your Associate Dean's office.

Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities

Students who require academic accommodation must contact Student Accessibility Services (SAS) to make arrangements with a Program Coordinator. Academic accommodations must be arranged for each term of study. Student Accessibility Services can be contacted by phone 905-525-9140 ext. 28652 or e-mail For further information, consult McMaster University's Policy for Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities.

Academic Accommodation for Religious, Indigenous and Spiritual Observances

Students requiring academic accommodation based on religion and spiritual observances should follow the procedures set out in the Course Calendar or by their respective Faculty. In most cases, the student should contact his or her professor or academic advisor as soon as possible to arrange accommodations for classes, assignments, tests and examinations that might be affected by a religious holiday or spiritual observance.

Topics and Readings:

The syllabus describes the chapter themes for each week. All presentations will be held in class and then the slides will be posted on Avenue2Learn.

The syllabus below is only a rough outline and will be updated on Avenue when needed.






Week 1: September 3

Introduction to phonetics, Introduction to the phonetic software PRAAT


Week 2: September 9

Articulatory phonetics (R&J, ch. 2)

                       the larynx






Week 3: September 16

Phonetic transcription (R&J, ch.3)



                       diacritics and other symbols

                       transcription practice



Week 4: September 23

Place and manner of articulation (R&J, ch. 4)


                       additional manners of articulation


                       secondary articulations (co-articulations)


Week 5: September 30

Physiology of the vocal apparatus (R&J, ch. 5)

                       subglottal system


                       vocal tract



Week 6: October 7

Airstream mechanisms and phonation types (R&J, ch. 6);


                       velaric (clicks)




                       common and rare sounds (markedness)


Due date for the first assignment (in Tuesday class)

Week: October 14

Mid-term recess


Week 7: October 21

Basic acoustics (R&J, ch. 7)

                       sound waves




                       phase (sine ~ cosine)

Due date for the second assignment  (in Tuesday class)

October  23

Mid-term examination (in class 12.30 p.m.)


Week 8: October 28

Analysis methods for speech sounds (R&J, ch. 8)

                       digitizing and sampling

                       signal types

                       Fourier transforms

                       spectrograms and other spectral representations



Week 9: November 4

Source filter theory of speech production (R&J, ch. 9)




                       source and filter of the vocal organs




Week 10: November 11

Acoustics of speech sounds (R&J, ch. 10)



                       variability and invariance

Due date for the third assignment  (in Tuesday class)

Week 11: November 18

Hearing and the auditory system (R&J, ch. 12)

                       external ear

                       middle ear

                       inner ear

                       basilar membrane

                       measurement scales



Due date for the fourth assignment  (in Tuesday class)

Week 12: November 25

Speech perception (R&J, ch. 13): Perception of segments, theories and the existence of a speech module



                       the motor theory of perception

Due date for the fifth assignment (in Tuesday class)

Week 13: December 2

Summing up and time for questions




Other Course Information:

1. Handing in assignments: I do not accept assignments by e-mail.  Written assignments must be handed in HARD COPY at the BEGINNING OF CLASS (hard deadline at 12.30pm at beginning of teaching), on the assigned due date. 

2. Email: Please ask detailed questions about course material and assignments in person. As a general rule, I will answer emails during normal office hours, so, for example, you will not get responses during the weekend.

3. In this course we will be using Avenue. Students should be aware that, when they access the electronic components of this course, private information such as first and last names, user names for the McMaster e-mail accounts, and program affiliation may become apparent to all other students in the same course. The available information is dependent on the technology used. Continuation in this course will be deemed consent to this disclosure. If you have any questions or concerns about such disclosure please discuss this with the course instructor.