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LINGUIST 2L03 Phonetics

Academic Year: Fall 2017

Term: Fall

Day/Evening: D

Instructor: Prof. Daniel Pape


Office: Togo Salmon Hall 511

Phone: 905-525-9140 x 23761

Office Hours: Tuesday 3-4pm room TSH-602

Course Objectives:

This course is a foundational course whose aim is to ensure that students are familiar with the basic approaches and issues in phonetics (the study of the sounds of language and human articulatory capabilities).

By the end of the course, students will be able to:

  • have a thorough understanding of the anatomy of the speech production apparatus (lungs, larynx (glottis), vocal tract);
  • distinguish and know all phonemes of English and most other languages including their IPA transcriptions;
  • transcribe a given text or recording with the IPA transcription
  • understand the methods of phonetic research, the analysis of speech and sound waves;
  • have a basic understanding the human speech perception apparatus (ear and phoneme processing) plus an overview of the main speech perception theories.

The structure of the course will be two 50 minutes lectures, plus a discussion section each week.

Objectives will be met by lectures (instructor) and five assignments consisting of phonetic questions and practical exercises.

Textbooks, Materials & Fees:

The textbook used in this course is “Phonetics: Transcription, Production, Acoustics, and Perception” from the authors Henning Reetz & Allard Jongman, Wiley-Blackwell publishing (R&J).

Method of Assessment:

The final grade is a weighted average of these grades:

  • One final examination (The final exam includes material from the entire course) is weighted 30% of the final grade. The exam is scheduled by the Registrar during the Final Exam Period.
  • One midterm examination (exam material: week 1 to week 5 of the syllabus) is weighted 20% of the final grade. The date of the midterm examination is October 19 (45 minutes duration).
  • Five written assignments (due at: October 6, October 27, November 17, November 24, December 1) are weighted 50% of the final grade (each assignment counts 10%).

Individual percentages of each task completion (5 assignments, 1 midterm, 1 final) are carried into the weighting procedure. The final grade is then the weighted equivalent percentages of each task completion.

Policy on Missed Work, Extensions, and Late Penalties:

Late assignments: Assignments submitted within 72 hours of the due date are penalized 10% of the value of the assignment. Being late more than 72 hours on an assignment results in a grade of zero for that assignment. If you submit an MSAF or other approved document (via the office of the Dean of your Faculty), contact Dr. Pape to arrange an alternate due date.

Excused Midterm examination: Tests for which the instructor receives an MSAF or other approved document have their value added to the value of the final exam if not arranged otherwise with Dr. Pape.

Please Note the Following Policies and Statements:

Academic Integrity

You are expected to exhibit honesty and use ethical behaviour in all aspects of the learning process. Academic credentials you earn are rooted in principles of honesty and academic integrity. It is your responsibility to understand what constitutes academic dishonesty.

Academic dishonesty is to knowingly act or fail to act in a way that results or could result in unearned academic credit or advantage. This behaviour can result in serious consequences, e.g. the grade of zero on an assignment, loss of credit with a notation on the transcript (notation reads: "Grade of F assigned for academic dishonesty"), and/or suspension or expulsion from the university. For information on the various types of academic dishonesty please refer to the Academic Integrity Policy, located at

The following illustrates only three forms of academic dishonesty:

  • plagiarism, e.g. the submission of work that is not one’s own or for which other credit has been obtained.
  • improper collaboration in group work.
  • copying or using unauthorized aids in tests and examinations.

Authenticity / Plagiarism Detection

Some courses may use a web-based service ( to reveal authenticity and ownership of student submitted work. For courses using such software, students will be expected to submit their work electronically either directly to or via Avenue to Learn (A2L) plagiarism detection (a service supported by so it can be checked for academic dishonesty.

Students who do not wish to submit their work through A2L and/or must still submit an electronic and/or hardcopy to the instructor. No penalty will be assigned to a student who does not submit work to or A2L. All submitted work is subject to normal verification that standards of academic integrity have been upheld (e.g., on-line search, other software, etc.). To see the Policy, please go to

Courses with an On-Line Element

Some courses use on-line elements (e.g. e-mail, Avenue to Learn (A2L), LearnLink, web pages, capa, Moodle, ThinkingCap, etc.). Students should be aware that, when they access the electronic components of a course using these elements, private information such as first and last names, user names for the McMaster e-mail accounts, and program affiliation may become apparent to all other students in the same course. The available information is dependent on the technology used. Continuation in a course that uses on-line elements will be deemed consent to this disclosure. If you have any questions or concerns about such disclosure please discuss this with the course instructor.

Online Proctoring

Some courses may use online proctoring software for tests and exams. This software may require students to turn on their video camera, present identification, monitor and record their computer activities, and/or lockdown their browser during tests or exams. This software may be required to be installed before the exam begins.

Conduct Expectations

As a McMaster student, you have the right to experience, and the responsibility to demonstrate, respectful and dignified interactions within all of our living, learning and working communities. These expectations are described in the Code of Student Rights & Responsibilities (the "Code"). All students share the responsibility of maintaining a positive environment for the academic and personal growth of all McMaster community members, whether in person or online.

It is essential that students be mindful of their interactions online, as the Code remains in effect in virtual learning environments. The Code applies to any interactions that adversely affect, disrupt, or interfere with reasonable participation in University activities. Student disruptions or behaviours that interfere with university functions on online platforms (e.g. use of Avenue 2 Learn, WebEx or Zoom for delivery), will be taken very seriously and will be investigated. Outcomes may include restriction or removal of the involved students' access to these platforms.

Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities

Students with disabilities who require academic accommodation must contact Student Accessibility Services (SAS) at 905-525-9140 ext. 28652 or e-mail to make arrangements with a Program Coordinator. For further information, consult McMaster University’s Academic Accommodation of Students with Disabilities policy.

Email correspondence policy

It is the policy of the Faculty of Humanities that all email communication sent from students to instructors (including TAs), and from students to staff, must originate from each student’s own McMaster University email account. This policy protects confidentiality and confirms the identity of the student.  Instructors will delete emails that do not originate from a McMaster email account.

Modification of course outlines

The University reserves the right to change dates and/or deadlines etc. for any or all courses in the case of an emergency situation or labour disruption or civil unrest/disobedience, etc. If a modification becomes necessary, reasonable notice and communication with the students will be given with an explanation and the opportunity to comment on changes. Any significant changes should be made in consultation with the Department Chair.

Request for Relief for Missed Academic Term Work
McMaster Student Absence Form (MSAF)

In the event of an absence for medical or other reasons, students should review and follow the Academic Regulation in the Undergraduate Calendar "Requests for Relief for Missed Academic Term Work".

Academic Accommodation for Religious, Indigenous and Spiritual Observances (RISO)

Students requiring academic accommodation based on religious, indigenous or spiritual observances should follow the procedures set out in the RISO policy. Students should submit their request to their Faculty Office normally within 10 working days of the beginning of term in which they anticipate a need for accommodation or to the Registrar's Office prior to their examinations. Students should also contact their instructors as soon as possible to make alternative arrangements for classes, assignments, and tests.

Copyright and Recording

Students are advised that lectures, demonstrations, performances, and any other course material provided by an instructor include copyright protected works. The Copyright Act and copyright law protect every original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic work, including lectures by University instructors.

The recording of lectures, tutorials, or other methods of instruction may occur during a course. Recording may be done by either the instructor for the purpose of authorized distribution, or by a student for the purpose of personal study. Students should be aware that their voice and/or image may be recorded by others during the class. Please speak with the instructor if this is a concern for you.

Extreme Circumstances

The University reserves the right to change the dates and deadlines for any or all courses in extreme circumstances (e.g., severe weather, labour disruptions, etc.). Changes will be communicated through regular McMaster communication channels, such as McMaster Daily News, A2L and/or McMaster email.

Topics and Readings:

The syllabus describes the chapter themes for each week. All presentations will be held in class and then the slides will be posted on Avenue2Learn.

The syllabus below is only a rough outline and will be updated on Avenue when needed.





Week 1: September 4

Introduction to phonetics


Week 2: September 11

Articulatory phonetics (R&J, ch. 2)

                       the larynx






Week 3: September 18

Phonetic transcription (R&J, ch.3)



                       diacritics and other symbols

                       transcription practice



Week 4: September 25

Place and manner of articulation (R&J, ch. 4)


                       additional manners of articulation


                       secondary articulations (co-articulations)



Week 5: October 2

Physiology of the vocal apparatus (R&J, ch. 5)

                       subglottal system


                       vocal tract


Due date for the first assignment

Week: October 9

Mid-term recess


Week 6: October 16

Airstream mechanisms and phonation types (R&J, ch. 6);


                       velaric (clicks)




                       common and rare sounds (markedness)



October 19

Mid-term examination (in class 10.30a.m.)


Week 7: October 23

Basic acoustics (R&J, ch. 7)

                       sound waves




                       phase (sine ~ cosine)

Due date for the second assignment

Week 8: October 30

Analysis methods for speech sounds (R&J, ch. 8)

                       digitizing and sampling

                       signal types

                       Fourier transforms

                       spectrograms and other spectral representations



Week 9: November 6

Using PRAAT for phonetic and acoustic analysis


Week 10: November 13

Source filter theory of speech production (R&J, ch. 9)




                       source and filter of the vocal organs



Due date for the third assignment

Week 11: November 20

Acoustics of speech sounds (R&J, ch. 10)



                       variability and invariance


Due date for the fourth assignment

Week 12: November 27

Hearing and the auditory system (R&J, ch. 12)

                       external ear

                       middle ear

                       inner ear

                       basilar membrane

                       measurement scales


Due date for the fifth assignment

Week 13: December 4

Speech perception (R&J, ch. 13): Perception of segments, theories and the existence of a speech module



                       the motor theory of perception




Other Course Information:

1. Handing in assignments: I do not accept assignments by e-mail.  Written assignments must be handed in HARD COPY at the BEGINNING OF CLASS, on the assigned due date. 

2. Email: Please ask detailed questions about course material and assignments in person. As a general rule, I will answer emails during normal office hours, so, for example, you will not get responses during the weekend.

3. In this course we will be using Avenue. Students should be aware that, when they access the electronic components of this course, private information such as first and last names, user names for the McMaster e-mail accounts, and program affiliation may become apparent to all other students in the same course. The available information is dependent on the technology used. Continuation in this course will be deemed consent to this disclosure. If you have any questions or concerns about such disclosure please discuss this with the course instructor.